Please note that these bibliographies are not meant to be either complete or comprehensive and will be dynamically updated (which may include removals), the most recent additions are highlighted.
They contain highly specific references to dedicated subjects, but also more generic literature about the underlying technologies (e.g. machine learning and blockchain).
- Drucilla Cornell, “From the Lighthouse: The Promise of Redemption and the Possibility of Legal Interpretation Deconstruction and the Possibility of Justice”, Cardozo Law Review 11 (1990 1989): 1687–1714
- Ronald Dworkin, “Law as Interpretation”, Texas Law Review 60, no. 2 (1982): 527–50
- Janneke Gerards, Remco Nehmelman, and Max Vetzo, “Algoritmes en grondrechten”, (Universiteit Utrecht, 2018)
- Wolfgang Hoffmann-Riem, “Legal Technology - Preconditions, Opportunities, and Risks” (2019) 2 Bucerius Law Journal 57
- Paul Ricoeur, “What Is a Text? Explanation and Interpretation”, in Mythic-Symbolic Language and Philosophical Anthropology (Springer, Dordrecht, 1971), 135–50
- Kevin D. Ashley, Artificial Intelligence and Legal Analytics: New Tools for Law Practice in the Digital Age (Cambridge University Press, 2017)
- Solon Barocas and Andrew D. Selbst, “Big Data’s Disparate Impact,” California Law Review 104 (2016): 671–732;
- Roger Brownsword, Rights, Regulation, and the Technological Revolution (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008)
- Roger Brownsword, “Technological Management and the Rule of Law,” Law, Innovation and Technology 8, no. 1 (January 2, 2016): 100–140
- Federico Cabitza, “Breeding Electric Zebras in the Fields of Medicine,” ArXiv:1701.04077 [Cs], January 15, 2017
- Federico Cabitza, Davide Ciucci, and Raffaele Rasoini, “A Giant with Feet of Clay: On the Validity of the Data That Feed Machine Learning in Medicine,” ArXiv:1706.06838 [Cs, Stat], June 21, 2017
- Danielle K. Citron, “Technological Due Process,” (2007) Washington University Law Review 85, 1249–1313
- Bart Custers, The Power of Knowledge. Ethical, Legal, and Technological Aspects of Data Mining and Group Profiling in Epidemiology (Nijmegen: Wolf Legal Publishers, 2004)
- S Gutwirth, P. De Hert, and L. De Sutter, “The Trouble with Technology Regulation from a Legal Perspective. Why Lessig’s Optimal Mix’ Will Not Work,” in Regulating Technologies, ed. Roger Brownsword and Karen Yeung (Oxford: Hart, 2008), 193–218
- M Hildebrandt and B.J. Koops, “The Challenges of Ambient Law and Legal Protection in the Profiling Era,” Modern Law Review 73, no. 3 (2010): 428–60
- E.E. Joh, 2017. “The Undue Influence of Surveillance Technology Companies on Policing,” New York University Law Review 92, September 2017, 101-130
- Daniel Martin Katz, “Quantitative Legal Prediction – or – How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Start Preparing for the Data Driven Future of the Legal Services Industry,” Emory Law Journal 62 (2013)
- Adam Kelleher, “Causal Data Science,” (blog), August 12, 2016
- Michael A. Livermore, and Daniel N. Rockmore, eds. 2019. Law as Data: Computation, Text, & the Future of Legal Analysis. Santa Fe: SFI Press.
- Markou, Christopher, and Simon Deakin. 2019. ‘Ex Machina Lex: The Limits of Legal Computability’. SSRN Scholarly Paper ID 3407856. Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network.
- E. de Maat, K. Krabben, and R.G.F. Winkels, “Machine Learning Versus Knowledge Based Classification of Legal Texts,” in Legal Knowledge and Information Systems. JURIX 2010, ed. R.G.F. Winkels (Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2010), 87–96
- Dan McQuillan, “Data Science as Machinic Neoplatonism,” Philosophy & Technology, August 21, 2017, 1–20
- Thomas Mitchell, Machine Learning, 1 edition (New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 1997)
- Judea Pearl and Dana Mackenzie, The Book of Why: The New Science of Cause and Effect (New York: Basic Books, 2018).
- Brian Sheppard, “Incomplete Innovation and the Premature Disruption of Legal Services,” Michigan State Law Review 2015, no. 5 (January 1, 2016): 1797
- Stark, Luke. 2018. ‘Algorithmic Psychometrics and the Scalable Subject’ Social Studies of Science 48 (2): 204–31
- Harry Surden, “Machine Learning and Law,” Washington Law Review 89, no. 1 (March 2014): 87–115
- Richard Susskind, The End of Lawyers?: Rethinking the Nature of Legal Services, Revised edition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010)
- Winkels, R. et al., “Towards a Legal Recommender System,” Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications 271 (2014): 169–78
- A. Wyner and G. Casini, Legal Knowledge and Information Systems JURIX 2017: The Thirtieth Annual Conference, (Washington, DC: IOS Press, 2017)
- Karen Yeung, “Algorithmic Regulation: A Critical Interrogation,” Regulation & Governance, forthcoming 2017
- Allen, J.G. ‘Wrapped and Stacked: “Smart Contracts” and the Interaction of Natural and Formal Language’, European Review of Contract Law 14, no. 4 (2018): 307–343
- Zenon Bańkowski and Burkhard Schafer, ‘Double-Click Justice: Legalism in the Computer Age’, (2007) Legisprudence 1: 31–49
- Primavera De Filippi and Samer Hassan, “Blockchain Technology as a Regulatory Technology: From Code Is Law to Law Is Code,” First Monday 21, no. 12 (November 14, 2016)
- Michèle Finck, “Blockchains and Data Protection in the European Union,” SSRN Scholarly Paper (Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network, November 30, 2017)
- Riikka Koulu, “Blockchains and Online Dispute Resolution: Smart Contracts as an Alternative to Enforcement,” SCRIPTed 13, no. 1 (May 2016): 40–69
- Nicolas Petit, “Artificial Intelligence and Automated Law Enforcement: A Review Paper,” SSRN Scholarly Paper (Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network, March 21, 2018).
- Jeremy Sklaroff, “Smart Contracts and the Cost of Inflexibility,” University of Pennsylvania Law Review 166, no. 1 (January 1, 2017): 263.
- Mark Verstraete, “The Stakes of Smart Contracts,” SSRN Scholarly Paper (Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network, May 14, 2018)
- Marko Vukolić, “Rethinking Permissioned Blockchains,” in Proceedings of the ACM Workshop on Blockchain, Cryptocurrencies and Contracts, BCC ’17 (New York, NY, USA: ACM, 2017), 3–7
- Angela Walch, “The Path of the Blockchain Lexicon (and the Law),” Review of Banking & Financial Law 36 (2017): 713
- Kevin D. Werbach, “Trust, But Verify: Why the Blockchain Needs the Law,” SSRN Scholarly Paper (Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network, August 1, 2017)
- Aaron Wright and Primavera De Filippi, “Decentralized Blockchain Technology and the Rise of Lex Cryptographica” March 10, 2015
- Karen Yeung, “Blockchain, Transactional Security and the Promise of Automated Law Enforcement: The Withering of Freedom Under Law?” in The Reinvention of Ethics in the Digital Age (Berlin: iRights. Media)
- Karen Yeung, “Regulation by Blockchain: The Emerging Battle for Supremacy between the Code of Law and Code as Law,” Modern Law Review (forthcoming), SSRN Scholarly Paper (Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network, July 2, 2018).
Traditional (text-driven) conceptions
- Binding, Karl. 1890. Die Normen Und Ihre Ubertretung. Eine Untersuchung Über Die Rechtmässige Handlung Und Die Arten Des Delikts. Erster Band, Normen Und Strafgesetze. Leipzig: Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann
- Derrida, Jacques. 1990. “Force of Law: The ‘Mystical Foundation of Authority.’” Cardozo Law Review 11: 920–1045
- Glastra van Loon, J.F.G. 1958. “Rules and Commands.” Mind LXVII (268): 1–9
- Hart, H.L.A. 1994. “Law as the Union of Primary and Secondary Rules.” In The Concept of Law, 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press
- Radbruch, Gustav. 2014. “Legal Philosophy.” In The Legal Philosophies of Lask, Radbruch, and Dabin, Reprint 2014. Cambridge: Harvard University Press
- Rawls, John. 1967. “Two Concepts of Rules.” In Theories of Ethics, edited by Philippa Foot (ed.), 144–71. Oxford
- Ricoeur, Paul. 1973. “The Model of the Text: Meaningful Action Considered as a Text.” New Literary History 5(1): 91–117
- Taylor, Charles. 1995. “To Follow a Rule.” In Philosophical Arguments, edited by Charles Taylor, 165–81. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press
- Wittgenstein, Ludwig, and G. E. M. Anscombe. 2003. Philosophical Investigations: The German Text, with a Revised English Translation. Vol. 3rd. Malden, MA,: Blackwell
Conceptions on the cusp of traditional and novel legal normativity
- Garapon, Antoine, Jean Lassègue, Justice digitale, PUF2018
Conceptions informed by philosophy of technology
- Cohen, Julie E. 2012 Configuring the Networked Self: Law, Code, and the Play of Everyday Practice. Yale University Press
- Ihde, Don. 1990 Technology and the Lifeworld : From Garden to Earth. The Indiana Series in the Philosophy of Technology. Bloomington: Indiana University Press
- ———. 2008 Ironic Technics. Automatic Press
- Lessig, Lawrence. 2006 Code Version 2.0. New York: Basic Books
- Reidenberg, Joel R. 1998 “Lex Informatica: The Formulation of Information Policy Rules Through Technology.” Texas Law Review 76(3): 553–85
- Verbeek, Peter-Paul. 2011 Moralizing Technology: Understanding and Designing the Morality of Things. Chicago; London: The University of Chicago Press
- Bertolotti, Tommaso, and Lorenzo Magnani. 2016.“Theoretical Considerations on Cognitive Niche Construction.” Synthese, July, 1–23
- Calo, Ryan. 2016. “Can Americans Resist Surveillance?” University of Chicago Law Review 83(1): 23–43
- Cohen, Julie E. 2017. “Affording Fundamental Rights: A Provocation Inspired by Mireille Hildebrandt” Critical Analysis of Law 4(1)
- Diver, Laurence. 2018. “Law as a User: Design, Affordance, and the Technological Mediation of Norms” 15(1) SCRIPTed 4
- Gibson, J. 1986. The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
- Hildebrandt, M. 2017a. “Law As an Affordance: The Devil Is in the Vanishing Point(s).” Critical Analysis of Law 4(1).
Legal Protection by Design
- Flanagan, M., D. Howe, and Helen Nissenbaum. 2008. “Embodying Values in Technology: Theory and Practice.” In Information Technology and Moral Philosophy, edited by Jeroen Van den Hoven and John Weckert. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
- Friedman, Batya, Peter H. Jr. Kahn, and Alan Borning. 2008. “Value Sensitive Design and Information Systems.” In The Handbook of Information and Computer Ethics, edited by Kenneth Einar Himma and Herman T. Tavani. New York: Wiley
- Hildebrandt, Mireille. 2011. “Legal Protection by Design: Objections and Refutations.” Legisprudence 5(2): 223–48
- ———. 2013. “Legal Protection by Design in the Smart Grid.” Nijmegen: Radboud University NIjmegen.
- ———. 2017b. “Saved by Design? The Case of Legal Protection by Design.” NanoEthics, August, 1–5
- Surden, Harry. 2017. “Values Embedded in Legal Artificial Intelligence.” SSRN Scholarly Paper ID 2932333. Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network
- Verbeek, Peter-Paul. 2006. “Materializing Morality. Design Ethics and Technological Mediation” Science Technology & Human Values 31(3): 361–80.
Modes of Existence
- Hildebrandt, Mireille. 2015. Smart Technologies and the End(s) of Law. Novel Entanglements of Law and Technology. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
- Latour, Bruno. 2013. An Inquiry into Modes of Existence: An Anthropology of the Moderns. Translated by Catherine Porter. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
- Souriau, Étienne. 2009. Les différents modes d’existence. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France - PUF.
- Cornelia Vismann and Markus Krajewski, “Computer Juridisms” (2007) 29 Grey Room 90